Rheumatoid Arthritis is a degenerative disorder that affects the joint tissues in the wrists, hands, and feet. The disease can cause severe inflammation around the joint tissues or the internal organs. The swelling eventually can result in the deformation of joints and the erosion of the bones. This disorder occurs when the immune system does not recognize the body’s tissues and subsequently attacks them. There is no known cure for this chronic disorder. However, there are several treatment options available to those suffering from the disease.
Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis with Stem Cell Therapy
One of the most successful treatments for rheumatoid arthritis is cell therapy. This regenerative treatment uses cells to repair the damaged or diseased tissues in the body. Repair cells are the body’s worker cells, and they can reproduce themselves. All other special-functioning cells in the body are generated from stem cells. Stem cells divide to form these specialized cells in order to respond to the need for different functions in the brain, heart, muscles, bones, or blood.
Cell therapy can utilize cells from a number of different sources. One of the most common methods includes using bone marrow cells. Bone marrow is the inner area of the bones where specific blood cells are produced. These blood cells assist the body in self repair. The cells travel throughout the body searching for damaged areas. To regenerate damaged joint tissue, doctors can withdraw bone marrow from an affected individual and separate the stem cells from the rest of the blood. These stem cells can then be administered directly to the joints or the areas surrounding the joints. Using this method not only allows the stem cells to repair and modify the damaged tissues, it also prompts the damaged cells to mend themselves.
The National Institute of Regenerative Medicine has implemented effective methods for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cell therapy can be used to duplicate and distribute functioning cells to the damaged areas. Orthopedic doctors are finding continued success in treating the debilitating disorder.